|1900/07||Russian invasion of Manchuria|
|By 21 September, Russian troops took Jilin and Liaodong, and by the end of the month completely occupied Manchuria, where their presence was a major factor leading to the Russo-Japanese War.
* Date : 1900/07
|The first Anglo-Japanese Alliance (日英同盟) was signed in London at Lansdowne House, on 30 January 1902, by Lord Lansdowne (British foreign secretary) and Hayashi Tadasu (Japanese minister in London). A diplomatic milestone that saw an end to Britain's splendid isolation, the alliance was renewed and expanded in scope twice, in 1905 and 1911, before its demise in 1921. It was officially terminated in 1923.
* Date : 1902/01/30
|1903/12/17||Wright brothers, Flights|
|The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
* Date : 1903/12/17
|The Russo-Japanese War (日露戦争) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden in Southern Manchuria and the seas around Korea, Japan and the Yellow Sea.
* Date : 1904/02/08 ~ 1905/09/05
|1905/01/22||Bloody Sunday (1905)|
|Bloody Sunday or Red Sunday is the name given to the events of Sunday, 22 January [O.S. 9 January] 1905 in St Petersburg, Russia, when unarmed demonstrators led by Father Georgy Gapon were fired upon by soldiers of the Imperial Guard as they marched towards the Winter Palace to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
* Date : 1905/01/22
|In physics, special relativity (SR, also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the generally accepted and experimentally well-confirmed physical theory regarding the relationship between space and time. It was originally proposed in 1905 by Albert Einstein in the paper 'On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies'.
* Date : 1905/06
|The Taft–Katsura Agreement (桂・タフト協定, also known as the Taft Katsura Memorandum) was a 1905 discussion (not an agreement) between senior leaders of Japan and the United States regarding the positions of the two nations in greater East Asian affairs, especially regarding the status of Korea and Philippines in the aftermath of Japan's victory in the Russo-Japanese War. It was not an 'agreement' and did not set out any new policies, but a memorandum. The memorandum was not classified as a secret but no scholar noticed it in the archives until 1924.
* Date : 1905/07/29
|1905/11/17||Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905|
|The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905, also known as the Eulsa Treaty or Japan–Korea Protectorate Treaty, was made between the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire in 1905. Korea became the protectorate of Imperial Japan.
* Date : 1905/11/17
|1907/10||Panic of 1907|
|The Panic of 1907 – also known as the 1907 Bankers' Panic or Knickerbocker Crisis – was a United States financial crisis that took place over a three-week period starting in mid-October, when the New York Stock Exchange fell almost 50% from its peak the previous year. Panic occurred, as this was during a time of economic recession, and there were numerous runs on banks and trust companies. The 1907 panic eventually spread throughout the nation when many state and local banks and businesses entered bankruptcy.
* Date : 1907/10
|The history of Iran’s oil industry began in 1901, when British speculator William D’Arcy received a concession from Iran to explore and develop southern Iran’s oil resources. The discovery of oil in 1908 led to the formation in 1909 of the London-based Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC).
* Date : 1908/05/26
|1910/08/29||Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910|
|The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, was made by representatives of the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire on August 22, 1910. In this treaty, Japan formally annexed Korea following the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905 by which Korea became the protectorate of Japan and Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907 by which Korea was deprived of the administration of internal affairs.
* Date : 1910/08/29
|The Xinhai Revolution (辛亥革命), also known as the Chinese Revolution or the Revolution of 1911 was a revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty (the Qing dynasty), and established the Republic of China (ROC).
* Date : 1911/10/10 ~ 1912/02/12
|1912/01/01||Republic of China (1912–49)|
|The Republic of China was a state in East Asia from 1912 to 1949. It largely occupied the present-day territories of China, Taiwan, and, for some of its history, Mongolia. As an era of Chinese history, it was preceded by the last imperial dynasty of China, the Qing dynasty, and ended with the Chinese Civil War.
* Date : 1912/01/01
|1913/12/23||Federal Reserve System|
|The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. It was created on December 23, 1913, with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act in response to a series of financial panics (particularly the panic of 1907) that showed the need for central control of the monetary system if crises were to be avoided.
* Date : 1913/12/23
|1914/07/28||World War I|
|World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history.
* Date : 1914/07/28 ~ 1918/11/11
|France began work on the canal in 1881 but stopped due to engineering problems and a high worker mortality rate. The United States took over the project in 1904 and opened the canal on August 15, 1914.
* Date : 1914/08/15
|General relativity (GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR) is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.
* Date : 1915/11
|The Trans-Siberian Railway (TSR) is a network of railways connecting Moscow with the Russian Far East. With a length of 9,289 kilometres (5,772 miles), it is the longest railway line in the world. There are connecting branch lines into Mongolia, China and North Korea. It has connected Moscow with Vladivostok since 1916, and is still being expanded.
* Date : 1916
|The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
* Date : 1917/11/07
|1918/01||1918 flu pandemic|
|The 1918 flu pandemic (January 1918 – December 1920) was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics Involving H1N1 influenza virus. It infected 500 million people around the world, including remote Pacific islands and the Arctic, and resulted in the deaths of 50 to 100 million (three to five percent of the world's population), making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history.
* Date : 1918/01 ~ 1920/12
|1919/01/18||Paris Peace Conference, 1919|
|The Paris Peace Conference, also known as Versailles Peace Conference, was the meeting of the Allied victors, following the end of World War I to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers diplomats from more than 32 countries and nationalities.
* Date : 1919/01/18 ~ 1920/01/21
|1919/03/01||March 1st Movement|
|The March 1st Movement, also known as Sam-il (3·1) Movement was one of the earliest public displays of Korean resistance during the ruling of Korea by Japan. The name refers to an event that occurred on March 1, 1919, hence the movement's name, literally meaning 'Three-One Movement' or 'March First Movement' in Korean. It is also sometimes referred to as the Man-se Demonstrations (Hangul: 만세운동; Hanja: 萬歲運動; RR: Manse Undong).
* Date : 1919/03/01
|1919/04/13||Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea|
|The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was a partially recognized Korean government-in-exile, based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chongqing (then spelt Chungking), during the Japanese Korean period.
* Date : 1919/04/13
|1919/05/04||May Fourth Movement|
|The May Fourth Movement (五四運動) was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student participants in Beijing on May 4, 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.
* Date : 1919/05/04
|1920/01/10||League of Nations|
|The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
* Date : 1920/01/10
|1921/11/12||Washington Naval Conference|
|The Washington Naval Conference, also called the Washington Arms Conference or the Washington Disarmament Conference, was a military conference called by U.S. President Warren G. Harding and held in Washington, D.C., from 12 November 1921 to 6 February 1922.
* Date : 1921/11/12 ~ 1922/02/06
|Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and political leader. He governed the Soviet Union as dictator from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953, serving as Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953 and as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1952. Ideologically a Marxist and a Leninist, he helped to formalise these ideas as Marxism-Leninism while his own policies and theories became known as Stalinism.
* Date : 1922/04/03 ~ 1953/03/05
|The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, also known unofficially as Russia, was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
* Date : 1922/12/30
|1923/08||First United Front|
|The First United Front, also known as the KMT–CPC Alliance, of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC), was formed in 1923 as an alliance to end warlordism in China.
* Date : 1923/08
|1923/10/29||Republic of Turkey|
|The Turkish War of Independence (1919–1922), initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues against the occupying Allies, resulted in the abolition of monarchy in 1922 and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, with Atatürk as its first president.
* Date : 1923/10/29
|The Pahlavi dynasty was the ruling house of Imperial State of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution.
* Date : 1925/12/12
|The Northern Expedition was a Kuomintang (KMT) military campaign, led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, from 1926–28. Its main objective was to unify China under its own control by ending the rule of the Beiyang government as well as the local warlords. It led to the end of the Warlord Era, the reunification of China in 1928 and the establishment of the Nanjing government.
* Date : 1926 ~ 1928/06
|1928||Soviet Union, Five-Year Plans|
|Wartime policies during the Russian Civil War coincided with a large decrease in the country's economy. Industrial output in 1922 was 13% of that in 1914. A recovery followed under the New Economic Policy, which allowed a degree of market flexibility within the context of socialism. Under Stalin's direction, this was replaced by a system of centrally ordained 'Five-Year Plans' in the late 1920s. These called for a highly ambitious program of industrialization and the collectivization of agriculture.
* Date : 1928 ~ 1929
|Penicillin was discovered in 1928 by Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming. People began using it to treat infections in 1942.
* Date : 1928/09/15
|The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until 1941.
* Date : 1929 ~ 1941
|1929/10/24||Wall Street Crash of 1929|
|The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 ('Black Thursday'), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its after effects. The crash, which followed the London Stock Exchange's crash of September, signalled the beginning of the 12-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.
* Date : 1929/10/24
|The Mukden Incident, or Manchurian Incident, was a staged event engineered by Japanese military personnel as a pretext for the Japanese invasion in 1931 of northeastern China, known as Manchuria.
* Date : 1931/09/18 ~ 1932/02/18
|1931/09/21||Great Britain abandoned the gold standard|
|As the shock from the May 1931 default of Austria's largest commercial bank, Creditanstalt, spread throughout Europe, several countries, most notably Great Britain in September 1931, abandoned the gold standard. Other countries, including Denmark, Norway, Sweden (September 1931), Finland (October), and Japan (December), also abandoned the gold standard.
* Date : 1931/09/21
|The New Deal was a series of federal programs, public works projects, and financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States during the 1930s in response to the Great Depression.
* Date : 1933/03/04 ~ 1936
|1933/03/04||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
* Date : 1933/03/04 ~ 1945/04/12
|1933/06/05||U.S. went off the gold standard|
|On June 5, 1933, the United States went off the gold standard, a monetary system in which currency is backed by gold, when Congress enacted a joint resolution nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
* Date : 1933/06/05
|1934/08/02||Adolf Hitler, Führer|
|Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ('Leader') of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As dictator, he initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust.
* Date : 1934/08/02 ~ 1945/04/30
|1936/07/17||Spanish Civil War|
|The Spanish Civil War widely known in Spain simply as The Civil War or The War, took place from 1936 to 1939. The Republicans, who were loyal to the democratic, left-leaning and relatively urban Second Spanish Republic, in an alliance of convenience with the Anarchists, fought against the Nationalists, a Falangist, Carlist, and largely aristocratic conservative group led by General Francisco Franco.
* Date : 1936/07/17 ~ 1939/04/01
|BBC One is the flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. It was launched on 2 November 1936 as the BBC Television Service, and was the world's first regular television service with a high level of image resolution.
* Date : 1936/11/02
|1937/07/07||Second Sino-Japanese War|
|The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937 to September 9, 1945. It began with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937 in which a dispute between Japanese and Chinese troops escalated into a battle. The conflict escalated afterward. It ended with the unconditional surrender of Japan on September 2, 1945 to the United Nations allies of World War II.
* Date : 1937/07/07 ~ 1945/09/02
|1937/09/22||Second United Front|
|The Second United Front was the brief alliance between the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang, or KMT) and Communist Party of China (CPC) to resist the Japanese invasion during the Second Sino-Japanese War, which suspended the Chinese Civil War from 1937 to 1941.
* Date : 1937/09/22
|1939/09/01||World War II|
|World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's countries—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.
* Date : 1939/09/01 ~ 1945/09/02
|1941/12/07||Attack on Pearl Harbor|
|The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack, also known as the Battle of Pearl Harbor, led to the United States' entry into World War II.
* Date : 1941/12/07
|1942/08/23||Battle of Stalingrad|
|The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was a major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
* Date : 1942/08/23 ~ 1943/02/02
|1944/07||Bretton Woods system|
|The Bretton Woods system of monetary management established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia and Japan in the mid-20th century. The Bretton Woods system was the first example of a fully negotiated monetary order intended to govern monetary relations among independent states.
* Date : 1944/07
|The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea conference and code named the Argonaut Conference, held from February 4 to 11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union for the purpose of discussing Europe's postwar reorganization.
* Date : 1945/02/04
|1945/04/12||Harry S. Truman|
|Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945–53), assuming that office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt during the waning months of World War II.
* Date : 1945/04/12 ~ 1953/01/20
|1945/05/07||German Instrument of Surrender|
|The German Instrument of Surrender ended World War II in Europe.
* Date : 1945/05/07
|1945/07/16||Trinity (nuclear test)|
|Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon. It was conducted by the United States Army at 5:29 am on July 16, 1945, as part of the Manhattan Project.
* Date : 1945/07/16
|1945/08/06||Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki|
|During the final stage of World War II, the United States dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively. The United States had dropped the bombs with the consent of the United Kingdom as outlined in the Quebec Agreement. The two bombings, which killed at least 129,000 people, remain the only use of nuclear weapons for warfare in history.
* Date : 1945/08/06
|1945/08/15||Surrender of Japan|
|The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.
* Date : 1945/08/15
|The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict.
* Date : 1945/10/24
|1946/03/31||Chinese Civil War (2)|
|By the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the power of the Communist Party grew considerably. Their main force grew to 1.2 million troops, with a militia of 2 million. Their 'Liberated Zone' contained 19 base areas, including one-quarter of the country's territory and one-third of its population; this included many important towns and cities. Moreover, the Soviet Union turned over all of its captured Japanese weapons and a substantial amount of their own supplies to the Communists, who received Northeastern China from the Soviets as well.
* Date : 1946/03/31 ~ 1950/05/01
|1946/12/19||First Indochina War|
|The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December, 1946, and lasted until 1 August, 1954.
* Date : 1946/12/19 ~ 1954/08/01
|The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion (approximately $130 billion in current dollar value as of June 2016) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning on April 8, 1948.
* Date : 1947/06/03
|1947/08/15||Partition of India|
|The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
* Date : 1947/08/15
|1948/05/14||Israeli Declaration of Independence|
|The Israeli Declaration of Independence, formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, was proclaimed on 14 May 1948 (5 Iyar 5708) by David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization and the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine.
* Date : 1948/05/14
|1948/08/15||Establishment of the Republic of Korea|
|Establishment of the Republic of Korea with Syngman Rhee as President.
* Date : 1948/08/15
|1949/08/29||Soviet Union nuclear test|
|RDS-1, the first Soviet atomic test was internally code-named First Lightning (Первая молния, or Pervaya Molniya) August 29, 1949, and was code-named by the Americans as Joe 1. The design was very similar to the first US 'Fat Man' plutonium bomb, using a TNT/hexogen implosion lens design.
* Date : 1949/08/29
|1949/10/01||People's Republic of China|
|Major combat in the Chinese Civil War ended in 1949 with the Communist Party in control of most of mainland China, and the Kuomintang retreating offshore, reducing the ROC's territory to only Taiwan, Hainan, and their surrounding islands. On 1 October 1949, Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China.
* Date : 1949/10/01
|1950/06/25||Golden Age of capitalism|
|The post–World War II economic expansion, also known as the postwar economic boom, the long boom, and the Golden Age of Capitalism, was a period of economic prosperity in the mid-20th century which occurred, following the end of World War II in 1945, and lasted until the early 1970s. It ended with the collapse of the Bretton Woods monetary system in 1971, the 1973 oil crisis, and the 1973–1974 stock market crash, which led to the 1970s recession.
* Date : 1950/06/25 ~ 1973/01/27
|The Korean War (in South Korean Hangul: 한국전쟁; Hanja: 韓國戰爭; RR: Hanguk Jeonjaeng, 'Korean War'; in North Korean Chosŏn'gŭl: 조국해방전쟁; Hancha: 祖國解放戰爭; MR: Choguk haebang chǒnjaeng, 'Fatherland Liberation War'; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.
* Date : 1950/06/25 ~ 1953/07/27
|1953/01/20||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Dwight David 'Ike' Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American politician and Army general who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961.
* Date : 1953/01/20 ~ 1961/01/20
|1953/08/19||1953 Iranian coup d'état|
|The 1953 Iranian coup d'état, known in Iran as the 28 Mordad coup, was the overthrow of the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in favour of strengthening the monarchical rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi on 19 August 1953, orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project or 'Operation Ajax').
* Date : 1953/08/19
|The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and known in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
* Date : 1955/11/01 ~ 1975/04/30
|Sputnik 1 ('Satellite-1', or 'Elementary Satellite 1']) was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957.
* Date : 1957/10/04
|1958||Great Leap Forward|
|The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1958 to 1962.
* Date : 1958 ~ 1962
|The April Revolution, sometimes called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, was a popular uprising in April 1960, led by labor and student groups, which overthrew the autocratic First Republic of South Korea under Syngman Rhee.
* Date : 1960/04/19
|1961/01/20||John F. Kennedy|
|John Fitzgerald 'Jack' Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
* Date : 1961/01/20 ~ 1963/11/22
|1961/05/16||May 16 coup|
|The May 16 coup (Hangul: 5.16 군사정변; Hanja: 五一六軍事政變) was a military coup d'état in South Korea in 1961, organized and carried out by Park Chung-hee and his allies who formed the Military Revolutionary Committee, nominally led by Army Chief of Staff Chang Do-yong after the latter's acquiescence on the day of the coup.
* Date : 1961/05/16
|The Sino-Indian War, also known as the Sino-Indian Border Conflict, was a war between China and India that occurred in 1962. A disputed Himalayan border was the main pretext for war, but other issues played a role.
* Date : 1962/10/20 ~ 1962/11/21
|1962/10/16||Cuban Missile Crisis|
|The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba.
* Date : 1962/10/16 ~ 1962/10/28
|The White Revolution (Persian: انقلاب سفید Enqelāb-e Sefid) or The Shah and People Revolution (Persian: انقلاب شاه و مردم Enqelāb-e Shāh va Mardom) was a far-reaching series of reforms in Iran launched in 1963 by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and lasted until 1978.
* Date : 1963
|1963/11/22||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy from 1961 to 1963.
* Date : 1963/11/22 ~ 1969/01/20
|1964/08/02||Gulf of Tonkin incident|
|The Gulf of Tonkin incident, also known as the USS Maddox incident, was an international confrontation that led to the United States being drawn more directly into the Vietnam War.
* Date : 1964/08/02
|1964/10/16||China, first nuclear test|
|The Chinese conducted their first nuclear test, code-named 596, on 16 October 1964, and acknowledged that their program would have been impossible to complete without the Soviet help.
* Date : 1964/10/16
|1965/06/22||Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea|
|The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea (Japanese: 日韓基本条約 (Nikkan Kihon Jōyaku); Korean: 한일기본조약, 韓日基本條約, Hanil Gibon Joyak) was signed on June 22, 1965. It established basic diplomatic relations between Japan and South Korea.
* Date : 1965/06/22
|The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement that took place in China from 1966 until 1976.
* Date : 1966/05/16 ~ 1976/09/09
|1968/01||Crisis of the US regime|
|The coming crisis of the US regime was signalled between 1968 and 1973 in three distinct and closely related spheres. Militarily, the US army got into ever more serious troubles in Vietnam; financially, the US Federal Reserve found it difficult and then impossible to preserve the mode of production and regulation of world money established at Bretton Woods; and ideologically, the US government’s anti-communist crusade began losing legitimacy both at home and abroad. (Giovanni Arrighi 1994: 300-301)
* Date : 1968/01 ~ 1973/12
|The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ), and continued until 21 August 1968 when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to halt the reforms.
* Date : 1968/01/05 ~ 1968/08/21
|1968/04/01||Establishment of the POSCO|
|Establishment of the Pohang Iron and Steel Company.
* Date : 1968/04/01
|1968/05||May 1968 events in France|
|The volatile period of civil unrest in France during May 1968 was punctuated by demonstrations and massive general strikes as well as the occupation of universities and factories across France.
* Date : 1968/05
|Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so.
* Date : 1969/01/20 ~ 1974/08/09
|1969/03/02||Sino-Soviet border conflict|
|The Sino-Soviet border conflict was a seven-month undeclared military conflict between the Soviet Union and China at the height of the Sino-Soviet split in 1969.
* Date : 1969/03/02
|Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two humans on the Moon. Mission commander Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin, both American, landed the lunar module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:18 UTC.
* Date : 1969/07/21
|The Gyeongbu Expressway (Korean: 경부고속도로; Gyeongbu Gosokdoro) (Asian Highway Network ) is the second oldest and most heavily travelled expressway in South Korea, connecting Seoul to Suwon, Daejeon, Gumi, Daegu, and Busan. It has the route number 1, signifying its role as South Korea's most important expressway.
* Date : 1970/07/07
|The Nixon shock was a series of economic measures undertaken by United States President Richard Nixon in 1971, the most significant of which was the unilateral cancellation of the direct international convertibility of the United States dollar to gold.
* Date : 1971/08/15
|1972/02/21||1972 Nixon visit to China|
|U.S. President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China was an important step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and China. It marked the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC, which at that time considered the U.S. one of its foes, and the visit ended 25 years of separation between the two sides.
* Date : 1972/02/21
|1972/07/04||July 4th North-South Joint Statement|
|On July 4, 1972, he announced plans for Korean reunification in a joint communique with North Korea.
* Date : 1972/07/04
|In December 1971, the Chinese and Japanese trade liaison offices began to discuss the possibility of restoring diplomatic trade relations, and in July 1972, Kakuei Tanaka succeeded Eisaku Satō as a new Japanese Prime Minister. Tanaka assumed a normalization of the Sino-Japanese relations. Furthermore, the 1972 Nixon visit to China encouraged the normalization process. His visit to Beijing culminated in the signing a joint statement on September 29, 1972. It established diplomatic relations between Japan and the PRC.
* Date : 1972/09/29
|The October Yusin (Korean: 시월유신, Hanja: 十月維新) or October Restoration was an October 1972 South Korean self-coup in which President Park Chung-hee assumed dictatorial powers.
* Date : 1972/10/17
|1973||1973 oil crisis|
|The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo. The embargo occurred in response to United States' support for Israel during the Yom Kippur War. By the end of the embargo in March 1974, the price of oil had risen from US$3 per barrel to nearly $12 globally; US prices were significantly higher. The embargo caused an oil crisis, or 'shock', with many short- and long-term effects on global politics and the global economy.
* Date : 1973 ~ 1974/12
|Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (born Leslie Lynch King Jr.; July 14, 1913 – December 26, 2006) was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977, following the resignation of Richard Nixon.
* Date : 1974/08/09 ~ 1977/01/20
|James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
* Date : 1977/01/20 ~ 1981/01/20
|1978/12/18||Chinese economic reform|
|The Chinese economic reform (改革開放; literally: 'reform and opening-up') refers to the program of economic reforms termed 'Socialism with Chinese characteristics' in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
* Date : 1978/12/18
|1979||1979 energy crisis|
|The 1979 (or second) oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the United States due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
* Date : 1979 ~ 1980/12/31
|1979/01/01||U.S.-China, Formal diplomatic relations|
|Formal diplomatic relations were established with the U.S. in 1979, and the two nations have experienced more than a quarter century of varying degrees of amiable or wary relations over such contentious issues as Taiwan, balance of trade, intellectual property rights, nuclear proliferation, and human rights.
* Date : 1979/01/01
|The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution) refers to events involving the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was supported by the United States, and eventual replacement of 2500 years of Iranian monarchy with an Islamic Republic regime under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution, supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.
* Date : 1979/01/17
|1979/06/29||Jimmy Carter visits Korea|
|American president Jimmy Carter visits Korea. Threatens Park by stating he would reduce the US forces in Korea if he does not stop the ongoing Nuclear Weapons Development project.
* Date : 1979/06/29
|1979/10/26||Assassination of Park Chung-hee|
|Park Chung-hee, president of South Korea, was assassinated on Friday, October 26, 1979 at 7:41pm during a dinner at a Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) safehouse inside the Blue House presidential compound, in Gungjeong-dong, Seoul by Kim Jae-kyu, who was the director of KCIA and the president's security chief.
* Date : 1979/10/26
|1979/12/12||Coup d'état of December Twelfth|
|The Coup d'état of December Twelfth or the '12.12 Military Insurrection' was a military coup d'état which took place on December 12, 1979, in South Korea.
* Date : 1979/12/12
|The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989. Insurgent groups known as the mujahideen fought against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
* Date : 1979/12/27 ~ 1989/02/15
|Martial Law is declared throughout the nation. The city of Gwangju becomes a battleground between dissenters and the Armed Forces (18–27 May). Some reports claim over 100 casualties.
* Date : 1980/05/18
|The Iran-Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq lasting from 22 September 1980, when Iraq invaded Iran, to August 1988.
* Date : 1980/09/22 ~ 1988/08/20
|Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
* Date : 1981/01/20 ~ 1989/01/20
|1981/08/12||IBM Personal Computer|
|On August 12, 1981, IBM released the IBM Personal Computer.
* Date : 1981/08/12
|Perestroika was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s until 1991 widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning 'openness') policy reform.
* Date : 1985/04
|The Plaza Accord or Plaza Agreement was an agreement between the governments of France, West Germany, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom, to depreciate the U.S. dollar in relation to the Japanese yen and German Deutsche Mark by intervening in currency markets. The five governments signed the accord on September 22, 1985 at the Plaza Hotel in New York City.
* Date : 1985/09/22
|The Chernobyl disaster, also referred to as the Chernobyl accident, was a catastrophic nuclear accident. It occurred on 26 April 1986 in the No.4 light water graphite moderated reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant near Pripyat, in what was then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union (USSR).
* Date : 1986/04/26
|The June Struggle (Hangul: 6월 민주항쟁; Hanja: 六月民主抗爭), also known as the June Democracy Movement and June Democratic Uprising was a nationwide democracy movement in South Korea that generated mass protests from June 10 to June 29, 1987.
* Date : 1987/06/29
|1987/10/19||Black Monday (1987)|
|In finance, Black Monday refers to Monday, October 19, 1987, when stock markets around the world crashed, shedding a huge value in a very short time.
* Date : 1987/10/19
|Roh Tae-woo (Korean pronunciation: [no.tʰɛ̝.u]; born December 4, 1933) is a former South Korean politician and ROK Army general who served as President of South Korea from 1988 to 1993.
* Date : 1988/02/25 ~ 1993/02/25
|1989/01/20||George H. W. Bush|
|George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
* Date : 1989/01/20 ~ 1993/01/20
|1989/03/09||Revolutions of 1989|
|The Revolutions of 1989 were part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
* Date : 1989/03/09 ~ 1992/04/27
|1989/06/04||Tiananmen Square protests of 1989|
|The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in China as the June Fourth Incident (六四事件), were student-led demonstrations in Beijing in 1989.
* Date : 1989/06/04
|The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
* Date : 1990/08/02 ~ 1991/02/28
|1990/09/30||Russia–South Korea relations|
|Russia–South Korea relations refers to the bilateral foreign relations between Russia and South Korea. Modern relations between the two countries began on September 30, 1990.
* Date : 1990/09/30
|The German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR/DDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz constitution Article 23. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity, celebrated on 3 October (German Unity Day).
* Date : 1990/10/03
|1991/12/26||Dissolution of the Soviet Union|
|The Soviet Union was dissolved on December 26, 1991. It was a result of the declaration number 142-Н of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.
* Date : 1991/12/26
|The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union or TEU) undertaken to integrate Europe was signed on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht, Netherlands. On 9–10 December 1991, the same city hosted the European Council which drafted the treaty. Upon its entry into force on 1 November 1993 during the Delors Commission, it created the three pillars structure of the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro.
* Date : 1992/02/07
|1992/08/24||South Korea, China Forge Official Ties|
|International relations between the People's Republic of China and South Korea were formally established on August 24, 1992.
* Date : 1992/08/24
|William Jefferson Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III; August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
* Date : 1993/01/20 ~ 2001/01/20
|As the candidate of the governing party, he defeated Kim Dae-jung in the 1992 presidential election. He was only the third civilian to hold the office, and the first since 1962.
* Date : 1993/02/25 ~ 1998/02/25
|Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004, and as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003. Jiang has been described as the 'core of the third generation' of Communist Party leaders since 1989.
* Date : 1993/03/27 ~ 2003/03/15
|1993/04/22||Mosaic (web browser)|
|NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is a discontinued early web browser. It has been credited with popularizing the World Wide Web.
* Date : 1993/04/22
|1994/07/08||Death of Kim Il-sung|
|On 8 July 1994, Kim Il-sung collapsed from a sudden heart attack at the age of 82.
* Date : 1994/07/08
|The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. It is the largest international economic organisation in the world.
* Date : 1995/01/01
|1995/04||Reverse Plaza Accord|
|In the Reverse Plaza Accord of 1995, the U.S., Japan and Germany bailed out a Japanese manufacturing economy that was slowing to a halt under the pressure of the record-breaking ascent of the yen. The chief motivation seems to have been a desire to undo the previous distortions of the Plaza Accord, especially the decline of German and Japanese manufacturing.
* Date : 1995/04
|1997/07/01||Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong|
|The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, referred to as 'the Handover' internationally or 'the Return' in China, took place on 1 July 1997. The landmark event marked the end of British administration in Hong Kong, and is often regarded as the watershed of the British Empire.
* Date : 1997/07/01
|1997/07||1997 Asian financial crisis|
|The Asian financial crisis was a period of financial crisis that gripped much of East Asia beginning in July 1997 and raised fears of a worldwide economic meltdown due to financial contagion.
* Date : 1997/07 ~ 1998/12
|1997/12/03||1997 Asian financial crisis - South Korea|
|In South Korea, the crisis is also commonly referred to as IMF.
* Date : 1997/12/03
|Kim Dae-jung (6 January 1924 – 18 August 2009) was the 8th President of South Korea from 1998 to 2003, and the 2000 Nobel Peace Prize recipient.
* Date : 1998/02/25 ~ 2003/02/25
|The name euro was officially adopted on 16 December 1995 in Madrid. The euro was introduced to world financial markets as an accounting currency on 1 January 1999, replacing the former European Currency Unit (ECU) at a ratio of 1:1 (US$1.1743).
* Date : 1999/01/01
|2000/06/13||2000 Inter-Korean Summit|
|The first Summit was held June 13–15, 2000, in Pyongyang. Kim Jong-il, the North Korean leader, met with Kim Dae-jung, the South Korean President at the time.
* Date : 2000/06/13
|2001/01/20||George W. Bush|
|George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
* Date : 2001/01/20 ~ 2009/01/20
|2001/09/11||September 11 attacks|
|The September 11 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
* Date : 2001/09/11
|2001/10/07||War in Afghanistan (2001–2014)|
|The War in Afghanistan (or the American War in Afghanistan) followed the 2001 United States invasion of Afghanistan.
* Date : 2001/10/07
|Roh Moo-hyun (Hangul: 노무현; Hanja: 盧武鉉; RR: No Muhyeon;) GOM (1 September 1946 – 23 May 2009) was the ninth President of the Republic of Korea (2003–2008). Roh's pre-presidential political career was focused on human rights advocacy for student activists in South Korea.
* Date : 2003/02/25 ~ 2008/02/25
|Hu Jintao (Chinese: 胡锦涛; born 21 December 1942) is a Chinese politician who was the paramount leader of China from 2002 to 2012. He held the offices of General Secretary of the Communist Party from 2002 to 2012, President of the People's Republic from 2003 to 2013 and Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 2004 to 2012.
* Date : 2003/03/15 ~ 2013/03/14
|The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that toppled the government of Saddam Hussein.
* Date : 2003/03/20
|2004/12/26||2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami|
|The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The shock had a moment magnitude of 9.1–9.3 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent).
* Date : 2004/12/26
|2007/01/09||Steve Jobs announced the iPhone|
|On January 9, 2007, Steve Jobs announced the iPhone at the Macworld convention, receiving substantial media attention. Jobs announced that the first iPhone would be released later that year. On June 29, 2007, the first iPhone was released.
* Date : 2007/01/09
|2007/04||Financial crisis of 2007–2008|
|The financial crisis of 2007–2008, also known as the global financial crisis and the 2008 financial crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
* Date : 2007/04 ~ 2009/12
|2007/10/02||2007 Inter-Korean Summit|
|On October 2, 2007, South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun walked across the Korean Demilitarized Zone in travelling to Pyongyang for talks with Kim Jong-il. During the visit, there was a series of meetings and discussions between the leaders.
* Date : 2007/10/02
|The Lee Myung-bak government (Hangul: 이명박 정부; Hanja: 李明博 政府, RR: I Myeong-bak Jeongbu) was the fifth government of the Sixth Republic of South Korea. It took office on 25 February 2008 after Lee Myung-bak's victory in the 2007 presidential elections.
* Date : 2008/02/25 ~ 2013/02/25
|The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017. Obama, a Democrat, took office as the 44th United States president following a decisive victory over Republican John McCain in the 2008 presidential election.
* Date : 2009/01/20 ~ 2017/01/20
|The Arab Spring or Democracy Spring was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, riots, coups and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 17 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution.
* Date : 2010/12/17 ~ 2012/12
|2011/03/11||2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami|
|The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku (東北地方太平洋沖地震) was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011, with the epicentre approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 29 km (18 mi).
* Date : 2011/03/11
|2011/03/11||Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster|
|The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster (福島第一原子力発電所事故) was an energy accident at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima, initiated primarily by the tsunami following the Tōhoku earthquake on 11 March 2011.
* Date : 2011/03/11
|2011/12/17||Kim Jong-il Death|
|On 19 December 2011, the North Korean government announced that he had died two days earlier, whereupon his third son, Kim Jong-un, was promoted to a senior position in the ruling WPK and succeeded him.
* Date : 2011/12/17
|Park Geun-hye (Korean: 박근혜; born 2 February 1952) is a South Korean politician who served as the 11th President of South Korea, from 2013 to 2017.
* Date : 2013/02/25 ~ 2017/03/10
|Xi Jinping(born 15 June 1953) is the current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
* Date : 2013/03/14 ~ 2023/03/14
|2014/03/18||Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation|
|The Ukrainian territory of Crimea was annexed by the Russian Federation on 18 March 2014.
* Date : 2014/03/18
|The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to gauge support for the country either remaining a member of, or leaving, the European Union (EU). The referendum resulted in 51.9% of voters voting in favour of leaving the EU.
* Date : 2016/06/23
|2016/10/01||SDR included the Chinese Renminbi|
|As of 1 October 2016, the SDR included the Chinese Renminbi in the currency basket.
* Date : 2016/10/01
|Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States. Prior to entering politics he was a businessman and television personality.
* Date : 2017/01/20 ~ 2021/01/20
|Moon Jae-in (born 24 January 1953) is the 12th and current President of South Korea.
* Date : 2017/05/10 ~ 2022/05/10
|2018/04/27||April 2018 inter-Korean summit|
|An inter-Korean summit took place on 27 April 2018, and 26 of May, on the South Korean side of the Joint Security Area, between Moon Jae-in, President of South Korea, and Kim Jong-un, Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, and Supreme Leader of North Korea. The summit was the third inter-Korean summit – and the first in eleven years. It was also the first time since the end of the Korean War in 1953 that a North Korean leader entered the South's territory; President Moon also briefly crossed into the North's territory.
* Date : 2018/04/27
|2018/06/12||2018 North Korea–United States summit|
|The 2018 North Korea–United States summit, or Singapore summit, is the first summit between a sitting United States President and the Leader of North Korea. It is currently taking place on June 12, 2018 at the Capella Hotel on Sentosa Island in Singapore.
* Date : 2018/06/12